January 21 – Day of Engineering Troops
January 21 celebrate their professional holiday workers and military engineering troops of Russia and Belarus.
The history of engineering troops are from the time of Peter I by the Decree of 21 January 1701 on the establishment in Moscow of the “School Pushkarsky order.” The school trained officers of artillery and military engineers. Graduates’ School Pushkarsky order “to be completed in 1702 became the first minernye units of the regular Russian army.
In 1712, Peter I ordered separate from the engineering school and the school Pushkarsky order to expand it. Followed by his order was established and the St. Petersburg School of Engineering (1719). And 4 years later Moscow school was moved to St. Petersburg and merged with St. Petersburg. These schools prepare non-commissioned and senior officers of engineer troops.
To increase the attractiveness of these schools and to reinforce the importance of engineering troops of Peter I in his Table of Ranks 1722 officers of engineer troops numbers on the officers above the rank of infantry and cavalry.
The central body of the engineer troops was the Office of the Chief of artillery and fortification. In 1753 the head of the School of Engineering was appointed Engineer General Abram Petrovich Hannibal, the famous “Negro of Peter the Great,” the great-grandfather Alexander Pushkin.
Engineering troops took part in all the battles to defend the Fatherland. Knowledge, courage and bravery of military engineers to a large extent contributed to the successful conduct of military operations in the war of 1812, during the defense of Sevastopol (1854-1855) during the Russian-Japanese War (1904-1905) and two world wars. A significant contribution was made by the Corps of Engineers and the elimination of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident.